The strength of the blood between the arteries is called blood pressure. Blood is pumped into the arteries by the heart. Pressure is high when the heart pumps the blood into the arteries this is called systolic pressure. Then the heart relaxes at this time the pressure is low and is called diastolic pressure. Blood pressure is measured using these two conditions namely systolic and diastolic pressure. Pressure levels for a normal person are between 120/80. When the two readings are high then the person has high blood pressure or hypertension, when the readings go below 90/60 it is called low blood pressure or hypo-tension.
High Blood Pressure Symptoms
Some of the symptoms that high blood pressure presents are:
1. Tightness, pressure, or pain in the chest or arms
4. Loss of consciousness
5. Low exercise tolerance
7. Episodes of confusion
Tips to Reduce High Blood Pressure
Diet is important and should include proper nutrients. A diet high in carbohydrates, high fiber, low protein, low fat and salt free is advised.
Calcium helps to keep the pressure under control. It helps to stabilize the arterial blood flow. Calcium is found in yoghurt, milk, cheese, soya bean curd, turnips, mustard green and broccoli.
Garlic is the safest way to reduce blood pressure and relieve strain on the heart. It also brings down the level of cholesterol.
An alternative treatment is to go on a raw fruit and vegetable juice therapy of grapes, oranges, cucumber, carrot and beetroot for 21 days and follow by a balanced salt free diet.
Blood runs through our veins and arteries at a certain pressure. Within natural limits, this pressure is not harmful. However, if this pressure increases, the heart is overworked and the arteries develop abnormal interior tissue growth. This further blocks the passage of blood, leading to increasing blood pressure. Finally, the heart muscle itself thickens, making the heart progressively weaker.
Therefore, not taking measures to lower high blood pressure can finally result in serious heart disease. Strokes, heart attacks and heart failure are often the result. Another serious health complication caused by high blood pressure is kidney failure. High blood pressure is often not detected until it leads to other health issues. Occasionally, there might be symptoms such as nausea, headaches, dizziness, heart palpitation (rapid beating) and arrhythmia (irregular heart beat).
Efforts to lower high blood pressure date back to the beginnings of recorded history. Ancient healing systems such as yoga and herbal medicine sciences such as ayurveda prescribed methods to lower high blood pressure long before modern medicinal intervention. Then and now, there is a great emphasis on changing unhealthy lifestyles to lower high blood pressure. Doctors do not focus only on treating high blood pressure but also on assessing a patient’s overall risk to cardiovascular disease.
Many medicines such as aspirin and other anti-clotting agents have reduced the incidence of heart attacks and strokes in patients with high blood pressure. Patients are now trained to monitor their own blood pressures regularly, recognize warning signs and to seek medical treatment immediately when required.
Many commonly used medicines can cause high blood pressure as side effects. Such medicines include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, steroids and contraceptives. Obesity invariably leads to high blood pressure because of the excessive body weight and the additional pressure it puts on the heart and arterial system. An unhealthy diet rich in salt and fats, coupled with a sedentary lifestyle devoid of exercise, is another culprit. High blood pressure – often to a fatal extent – can also be attributed to excessive use of alcohol and intoxicating drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamine.