Tag Archives: Remedy

Effective Gout Natural Remedy for Pain Relief

If you have ever suffered from gout then only you can understand the severity of pain caused during. When you have very limited chances then you must be doing anything to get relieve from pain. Doctors have been prescribing strong anti-inflammatory medicines and painkillers for years to help fight the pain of this common disease. However, not everybody is interested in taking harsh medicines on a daily basis. There is a gout natural remedy that can adopt at home that is supposed to bring some relief.

Your food intake definitely makes a direct impact on gout. There are certain foods that you must strictly avoid if you have this painful condition. A gout natural remedy that is found to be extremely effective is control in their diets. You should experience to see if this works for you by cutting out one product at a time. To start with stop consuming meat for a week or two and analyze if that makes a difference. Other foods that can provoke a gout flare up include things like alcohol and foods that are rich in fat.

Water is also a good gout natural remedy that you may not know. The main reason behind gout flare-ups is the excess amount of uric acid within your body. It is advised to drink at least 8-10 gasses of water so as to flush out the excess amount of uric acid from the body. Another good way to strike off a gout attack is to start walking. Although, it is difficult to walk during gout, but try to walk at least few miles. This is comparatively much less pressure on your feet but it does offer a great work out for your entire body.

Try to consume foods that are found to be extremely effective in gout. You can get relieve from pain by adopting a gout natural remedy.

Visit our website for more information on Osteoarthritis causes, Remedies for palpitations and Gout natural remedy.

Patresia Adams is a healthcare consultant working with Divine Wellness. This interactive health and wellness portal offers Live online yoga classes through high-definition video conferencing.

Effective Gout Natural Remedy For Pain Relief

If you have ever suffered from gout then only you can understand the severity of pain caused during. When you have very limited chances then you must be doing anything to get relieve from pain. Doctors have been prescribing strong anti-inflammatory medicines and painkillers for years to help fight the pain of this common disease. However, not everybody is interested in taking harsh medicines on a daily basis. There is a gout natural remedy that can adopt at home that is supposed to bring some relief.

Your food intake definitely makes a direct impact on gout. There are certain foods that you must strictly avoid if you have this painful condition. A gout natural remedy that is found to be extremely effective is control in their diets. You should experience to see if this works for you by cutting out one product at a time. To start with stop consuming meat for a week or two and analyze if that makes a difference. Other foods that can provoke a gout flare up include things like alcohol and foods that are rich in fat.

Water is also a good gout natural remedy that you may not know. The main reason behind gout flare-ups is the excess amount of uric acid within your body. It is advised to drink at least 8-10 gasses of water so as to flush out the excess amount of uric acid from the body. Another good way to strike off a gout attack is to start walking. Although, it is difficult to walk during gout, but try to walk at least few miles. This is comparatively much less pressure on your feet but it does offer a great work out for your entire body.

Try to consume foods that are found to be extremely effective in gout. You can get relieve from pain by adopting a gout natural remedy.

Visit our website for more information on Osteoarthritis causes, Remedies for palpitations and Gout natural remedy.

Patresia Adams is a healthcare consultant working with Divine Wellness. This interactive health and wellness portal offers Live online yoga classes through high-definition video conferencing.

The Natural Way To Remedy Stomach Aches

We are all aware that the vital functions of the digestion and the assimilation of our food intake take place in our stomach. This important organ also help in preparing the food o that it will pass into our intestinal tract in such a form that it will be easily absorbed. Remember that gastric acids and enzymes also do the breaking down of food into small particles, and then our strong muscles do the grinding so that proper mixing of all the food particles will take place.

And whatever pains that we will have here can be a sign that the pain can come from the different conditions that affects a variety of the other organs there. And if we sometimes experience pain in the belly, it can either be originating from the abdominal cavity or beneath our skin and muscles, or it can also be just simple mid-body misery that we need to attend to right away. The possible cause can be a lot of things, too. There are lactose intolerance, heartburn, gallstones, ulcers, overeating, stress, or irritable bowel syndrome. Not eating enough or improperly can also be a cause of the pain.

Different kinds of physical symptoms can also be associated with the abdominal or stomach pain that we feel. Among them include those that can be induced by several disorders in the stomach which includes jabbing and sharp pains that will feel like rigidity and cramping of the muscles inside the stomach, a slicing and knife-like inflicted pain, or an occurrence of a burning sensation.  Still some other symptoms may be a persistent and consistent ache that usually comes along with stomach disorders that may induce nausea and loss of appetite for the entire duration of the disorder, and belching. A feeling of abdominal fullness will also be felt.

Whatever the cause may be, actions necessary to relieve the pain must be done right away. Some natural ways of dealing with stomach pains are now available that you can easily bring remedy to it even in the four corners of your house.

Consistent and persistent abdominal cramping or pain can be easily soothed by the use of supplemental herbal solutions that consist of peppermint teas and fennel. These natural herbs can be combined together with water and may be steeped for around 20 to 30 minutes. Since this is a tea, it can be strained and eventually cooled down, and can be taken daily to ease any symptoms of stomach pain and cramps.

As an alternative, when you take one teaspoon of the important oils of each of the herbs together with fluids can also be a big help in treating stomach disorders. In fact, fennel can be used in soothing soreness in the stomach. While peppermint herb can be an effective analgesic, too.

To help in soothing the swollen mucous membranes of our stomach lining, herbal teas that are made from slippery elm herbs and chamomile are also great remedies. One way to do this is by preparing herbal teas by making use of one teaspoon of each of the herbs in a cup of water and then taking this three times a day. The circulation system of our body will be relaxed and eventually be warmed up by just taking a tea made from gentian root herbal on a daily basis.

Another one can be herbal teas made from peppermint, lemon balm, valerian herb, St. John’s wort, rue or chamomile can also help in calming down the edgy nerves and at the same time in healing down of damaged nerves. Also recommended for people suffering abdominal pain is by taking topical herbal solutions. Taking a relaxing and comforting bath with water mixed with 5 drops of the essential herbal of rosemary oil to be put in your full tub is also recommended.

And finally, if you want to have that soothing massaging effect in your abdominal area against stomach cramps, use diluted arnica oil. Also helpful for the pain caused by the presence of peptic ulcers are the soothing effects of herbal juices directly taken from the whole-leaf of the aloe vera herb.

These can just be some of the ways by which an immediate remedy for an abdominal pain can be done in your home. But it would still be wise if the necessary medical treatment will also be sought.

Hal Johnson has been writing articles for nearly 4 years. Come visit his latest website evenflo car seat which helps people find information on evenflo car seat and deals on all other types of baby car seat.

Natural Worms Remedy for Optimum Health

It is always good to turn up to natural home remedies when you found your pet or your child with a bout of ringworm. Consulting with doctor for antibiotics can be specifically expensive, and usually isn’t necessary. On the other hand, natural worm remedy is not only cheap but supports maximum effectiveness in treating this type of skin fungus. In several cases, it is better to consult a doctor if the condition gets worse and isn’t helped by alternative medicine.

As opposed to earlier conceptions, ringworm is generally caused by a worm under the skin. It is actually a kind of fungus that belongs to the family called Dermatophytes. This skin fungus infects the cells of both humans and animals, causing a black ring to appear that cause itching and often ugly looking. Similar to other types of fungus, ringworm grows very well in warm and wet places. This is the reason why it is easy to pick up in locker rooms, gyms, and other public places where people may bath. Tinea can be transferred from direct contact with others who have it, or by indirect contact. Other mediums include clothing, towels, hairbrushes, and lotions help in spreading the fungus from one person to another very feasibly, so it is best to avoid them.

Most people suggest using natural worm remedy to treat this skin fungus. These natural worm remedies are made of natural sources primarily fruits. Papaya is one such fruit. You can peel a papaya and rub the flesh over the infected area a few times a day, and the fungus will be removed in a few days. Mustard seeds, converted into a thick paste with garlic oil, acts as an extremely effective worm remedy. There are many other natural remedies that can be applied to force the healing process.

Visit our website for more information on Yoga positions, Home remedies for dry cough and Worms Remedy.

Patresia Adams is a healthcare consultant working with Divine Wellness. This interactive health and wellness portal offers Live online yoga classes through high-definition video conferencing.

Effective and Natural Tinnitus Remedy

Most of the time, people suffering from tinnitus problems are having a hard time finding the right natural tinnitus remedy for them. This is due to the fact that modern medicine cannot provide any effective treatments for tinnitus. When suffering from tinnitus, you may experience hearing various sounds inside your ears. This sound may sometimes be a chirping, hissing, whistling or clicking sound and oftentimes, it does not have any external source.

The sounds you will hear may range from soft to loud and you may hear it frequently, intermittently or regularly. Tinnitus can bring discomfort as the sound is very irritating and will definitely cause too much annoyance. In other severe tinnitus cases, the condition may even interfere with your normal life and you may find yourself not functioning properly due to the sound that is constantly going on within your ears. From here you will desperately want to try to get this sound eliminated in any way possible.

If you are experiencing these sounds, make sure to visit your physician and allow him to run all the necessary tests on you. This is for you to be able to determine the main reason why you are having tinnitus and for you to be able to find a natural tinnitus remedy that will suit your condition. Tinnitus problems may be a symptom of a serious underlying medical condition such as brain tumor or it could also be a side effect from certain medications that you are taking. If it is just a side effect from medications, your doctor can suggest a natural tinnitus remedy that you can make use of to relieve yourself from the discomfort of tinnitus. If you have determined that there are no serious causes behind your tinnitus problem, then you can consider trying natural tinnitus remedy to find one that will best suit you.

Gingko biloba is known to an effective and natural tinnitus remedy. This herb is often used to enhance the normal functions of your brain and can help you treat your tinnitus problem at the same time. This can also help improve the circulation of the blood in your inner ear. For gingko biloba to work, you have to make sure that you are using a standardized 24% ginkgo-flavogycosides which should be taken twice a day with at least 120 to 240 milligrams. But remember that while you are taking gingko biloba for your tinnitus problem, it is best to avoid certain foods such as sugar, salt and caffeine, and avoid consuming any alcoholic beverages.

Another known natural tinnitus remedy is vitamin B. consuming enough vitamin B can help you reduce the sounds that you are hearing as tinnitus can sometimes be due to vitamin B deficiency. Most health practitioners would generally recommend at least 500 milligrams of niacin, B12 and thiamin to be included in your diet on a regular basis.

Anthony is a tinnitus expert and co-creator of the new tinnitus info based web-site:  http://natural-tinnitus-relief.com . Get lots more info there on Natural Tinnitus Remedy and also check out our Free, one-of-a-kind 10-part Mini-eCourse, “10 Natural Tinnitus Cure Secrets To Use Now!”, it might be all you’ll ever need (and did I mention it was free!!)

Natural Home Remedy For Scabies

Many people decide to try a natural home remedy for scabies as they feel uncomfortable using insecticides directly on their skin and that of their family, particularly where young children are involved. However, once you know you are dealing with scabies, it is vital to act quickly as the spread can happen very quickly indeed and become even more difficult to deal with.

Scabies is caused by a tiny mite which burrows its way beneath the skin. Once settled underneath the outside layers, it then lays its eggs and feeds on blood. If you have scabies, you will normally experience intense itching and irritation around 2-6 weeks after the initial infestation. You remain infectious until all the mites themselves and their eggs have been killed.

As well as the itching, most people will have a rash and you may be able to see small silvery lines beneath the skin which are actually the tiny tunnels made by the scabies mite. Commonly affected areas include between the toes or fingers, in natural creases, such as the inside of the elbow, around the genital area and under the feet.

Scabies are highly contagious and can be spread by bodily contact or even by coming into contact with bedding, clothing, towels or other linens which have been used by the host. Therefore, whether you use a natural home remedy for scabies or a conventional one, it is important that you also ensure that you deal with contaminated bedding and linens.

All clothing, towels and bedding should be laundered at a temperature of at least 50 degrees. If you have childrens furry toys and other items which cannot be washed, then place them in a large airtight plastic bag and leave this for over 72 hours to kill off the mites.

One excellent natural home remedy for scabies is tea tree oil. This very powerful antibacterial oil has many uses and it has proven its worth against head lice. For scabies, add 20 drops of neat oil into your bath and soak with just your head out for at least 15 minutes. Also, add a few drops to a damp cotton wool ball and dab the most affected areas.

There are various other methods which can be used either in combination or isolation to treat scabies naturally. If you would like an extensive report which details home treatments which will eradicate scabies in just 24 hours, please see Treat Scabies Naturally.

This natural home remedy for scabies is an alternative to insecticides and other potentially harmful treatments has successfully helped many thousands of people worldwide.

Natural Remedy for Controlling Diabetes

Today, a large number of people suffer from diabetes every year. A natural diabetes remedy majorly includes in your diet and found to be extremely beneficial in curing diabetes. If you’re suffering from diabetes, your diet is of prime importance in order to put a control on diabetes. Most of the people think that without taking medicines they can’t control diabetes but it is important to know that diabetes can be cured without taking any allopathic medicine.

According to the holistic approach of health, there are mainly three natural cures for diabetes including,

Diet Exercise Nutritional Supplements

Diet is the prime and best natural diabetes remedy for diabetes patients. An ideal diabetic diet menu must contain a low glycemic index which means the food containing low level of carbohydrates, adequate protein, and rich amount of fiber. This kind of diet helps in diminishing diabetes blood sugar levels; reduce intake of insulin levels, and lesser the need for medications. It will also help to lose weight, reduce blood pressure; this cures the diabetes and promotes body’s overall health and energy.

Juices of tomato, Rose apple, Lemon, Cucumber, Bitter gour, Spinach, Carrot and Cabbage are found to be very helpful in curing the diabetes in a natural way.

Although, we know that a small set of exercise helps in maintaining good health, but most often we ignore this. In case of diabetes, one needs to follow some sort of physical exercises. It not only helps in improving blood circulation but helps in strengthening the immune system as well.

There are numerous nutritional supplements that one should take as a natural diabetes remedy in order to cure diabetes naturally. These supplements are very powerful and help in lowering blood sugar levels, cholesterol levels, and blood pressure.

Treating diabetes naturally is always a good idea when it comes to find a reliable and proven remedy.

Divine Wellness is an online health portal that provides huge set of information of various remedies including natural diabetes remedy.

Visit our website for more information on Holistic health, Wellness yoga and Natural diabetes remedy.

Patresia Adams is a healthcare consultant working with Divine Wellness. This interactive health and wellness portal offers Live online yoga classes through high-definition video conferencing.

Lemon A Natural Remedy for your Skin

Having fresh, clean, younger looking skin is a goal that everyone especially women aspire to. With an unlimited amount of beauty products on the market it is hard to determine which product will work best for different types of skin. But what if you could get clearer looking skin through all natural means? Well you can, with a product that most people use in their kitchens or grow in their gardens daily. Lemons are great for the body both internally and externally. Lemons have amazing natural beautifying properties as well as cleansing, detoxifying and astringent capabilities.

Although it is unknown where lemons originated, they were first documented as growing in China and India. They traveled into Europe and were used mainly as ornamental plants throughout the first several centuries. Christopher Columbus spread lemons to the Americas where they were used for the most part as decoration and in conjunction with some types of medicine such as treating scurvy. It wasn’t until the eighteenth century that lemons were widely cultivated in Florida and California. Now lemons are widely used in cooking, sanitation, antibacterial, aromatherapy, skin care, and beauty regimens.

Lemons are rich in nutrients and can be used for numerous beauty, skin, hair and health care treatments. Lemons act as astringents, diuretics, cleansers and detoxifiers for the body systems. They contain many substances such as citric acid, calcium, magnesium, potassium, vitamin C, bioflavonoids, pectin, and limonene, all of which are essential to the bodies daily functioning.

The most notable substance that lemons behold is Vitamin C. Vitamin C is an antioxidant, which is vital to removing free radicals that can damage healthy cells throughout the body. Free radicals are the biggest threat to our skin because they damage the cell and its membrane. Vitamin C is the only antioxidant that that can also increase collagen synthesis. Collagen is responsible for skin strength and elasticity, and as we age collagen production decreases and causes wrinkles. However, vitamin C sends a signal to collagen genes to start production. So vitamin C has duel responsibilities for the skin, by removing free radicals, which can alleviate wrinkles, and stimulating collagen production, which keeps our skin looking healthy and young. Additionally vitamin C has been known to kill specific strains of bacteria that can cause acne.

Other ways that lemon can be used include lightening discolored elbows, exfoliating dead skin, diminishing the appearance of freckles, lightening age spots, dandruff treatment, smooth and pretty feet, add bounce and shine to your hair, remove blackheads and acne, prevents sunburns, clears eczema, acts as an antiseptic to clean wounds and reduce wrinkles. With the abundance of ways that lemon can improve the quality of our skin, hair and nails, it’s a wonder why not more people use it in their beauty regiment. There are several ways in which a lemon can be used on the skin.

Whether you drink, rub, mix, scrub, drip or simply apply a lemon to your skin you are bound to get the desired affect.  Depending upon what you are trying to do will determine how you apply lemon or lemon juice to your body. Putting lemon in your water daily is not only said to boost the immune system, cleanse the body of toxins and increase heart health but it rejuvenates and refreshes the look of your skin. Our skin needs daily water intake to hydrate however by adding lemon to our water we can cleanse the skin of toxins.  By rubbing a cut lemon directly on our skin or skin that is affected by acne or blackheads, it can remove dead skin cells and eliminate acne and blackheads. Leave lemon juice on skin overnight or rinse after a half hour with warm water. By dripping lemon juice in one’s hair and directly on the skin will eliminate dandruff and make skin glow. Mixing lemon and honey in warm water is not only a great drink, but can be applied with a cloth to eczema, acne, or sunburns to reduce the inflammation. Honey is a great anti-inflammatory and enhances the healing properties of lemon. Used together they are great against fighting colds, relieving pain and irritation and rejuvenating the skin.

Lemon juice should always be used directly from the fruit rather than from the bottle. Bottled lemon juice is manufactured so some of its properties can be changed or interrupted during the manufacturing process. Always make sure you are not allergic or irritated by lemon juice before using any lemon treatments. Use lemon daily on skin, hair and nails to look younger, fresher and clearer.

 

7 Bad Breath Natural Herbal Remedy

Bad breath is quite a common and very embarrassing problem. It is caused by a poor dental care and oral hygiene, irregular brushing and flossing your teeth that results in excessive amounts of bacteria on the teeth and tongue. The primary source of bad breath that can be treated directly is the growth of sulfur producing, anaerobic bacteria in the mouth. This is one area which can be tackled directly using herbal remedies for bad breath.

1. Clove (Eugenia aromaticum) It is good for bad breath caused by rotting food in mouth, used in old time mouth wash and powders, herb can be drying.

2. Anise seeds have been used for centuries as an effective herbal remedy for many health problems and ailments. It is a truly legendary herb, but not many people know that a special mouth rinse made of anise can replace the most effective modern mouth washes based on chemicals. All you need to do is steep a pinch of anise seeds in 100 ml of boiling water and wash your mouth after having meals.

3. Peppermint is a simple herbal remedy for bad breath symptom relief – there is a reason why it can be found in so many oral products, including toothpastes and chewing gum. For bad breath, you would want to use the essential oil. The essential oil of peppermint is antibacterial, and it smells good. It will also help to balance the PH levels of the mouth to some degree, which will extend its anti-bad breath effect to a certain degree.

4. A South American remedy that is used is gargling with one teaspoon of honey and cinnamon powder. Combine the mixture with hot water. This should be done in the morning. It supposed to keep your breath fresh all day.

5. Unripe guava is useful in halitosis. It is rich in tannic, malic, oxalic, and phosphoric acids as well as calcium, oxalate, and manganese. Chewing it is an excellent tonic for the teeth and gums. It helps cure bleeding from gums and stops bad breath. Chewing tender leaves of guava tree also stops bleeding from gums and bad breath.

6. Foods and herbs that contain chlorophyll include parsley, spirulina, chlorella, alfalfa, or natural chlorophyll tablets. Chlorophyll tablets to be used as a bad breath herbal remedy should contain liquid form chlorophyll. Chlorophyll alleviates bad breath to some degree by neutralizing various sulfur compounds. Earlier in the article, sulfur-producing bacteria were mentioned. These sulfur compounds are one of the substances that will make someone turn his or her head. Garlic and onions are also sulfur-containing foods, so chlorophyll can help to neutralize their odor.

7. Wash the tongue with baking soda dissolved in warm water to reduce the acidity in your mouth making a less-friendly environment for the bacteria to grow. This is one of the best bad breath cure.

8. These herbal remedies are rich in chlorophyll, a green pigment. It is a very powerful natural freshener with very strong deodorizing effects. Also, it is possible to use Dill (Anethum graveolens). To get rid of bad breath instantly, it is possible to chew on some dill seeds or drink a cup of special dill tea (should be prepared like usual black tea).

For some people, using herbs can work better for their system because they are not abrasive to their system. Not only are they a natural product, but since these herbs are taken orally, they will affect your blood and eventually provide a relief for your bad breath.

 

Author is an online medical researcher on bad breath cure. Click read more on bad breath cure, herbal remedies for bad breath.

Natural Remedy to Get Rid of Toenail Fungus

Toenail fungus also called onychomycosis is caused by a cluster of fungus called dermatophytes. This fungus is dangerous because as they develop they feed on the keratin that makes up the surface of the toe nail. Toe nail fungus causes disfiguration and discoloration of the nails. It is a contagious disease and some times it may be hereditary. Symptoms of toenail fungus are quite obvious. The affected nail will get yellow or brown in colour. It may become so thick and overgrown that it may be painful to wear shoes. Foul-smelling debris may get accumulated under the nail. The nail may crumble and eventually fall off.

Sneaks or spots can be seen down the side of the nails of the affected person. Toe nail fungus can widen from one toe to another or to other body parts. Athletes and people who give trauma to their toe by wear tight-fitting shoes or tight hosiery are at great risk of toe nail fungus. Other reasons may be abnormal pH level of the skin, not drying off the feet thoroughly after bathing or exercise, and decreased immunity. There are some home remedies that use commonly available ingredients to stop the growth of the fungus and eventually eliminate it. Toe Nail Fungus home remedy treatment is quite effective.

Tea tree oil

Tea tree oil serves as an effective home remedy foe toe nail fungus. Tea tree oil is an good option. Tea tree oil contains chemicals known as terpenoids which are believed to provide the oil its medicinal properties. It is a natural antiseptic that helps a great deal in fighting with fungus. Apply undiluted tea tree oil with olive oil to the affected toe nail. Alternatively you can put few drops of tea tree oil on toenails and rub it thoroughly every day. Do this twice daily, morning and just before going to bed (three times if possible) for maximum effect. In many cases it is blended with other essential oils believed to have some effectiveness against nail fungus.

Vinegar

Vinegar is one of the best known ways to cure toe nail fungus. Vinegar is a home remedy for toe nail fungus that has been around for a long time. Vinegar is an acid. You must stay vinegar on for as long as it takes to get rid of the fungus. Soak your toenails in this solution for about 20 minutes. Wipe your toes and toenails thoroughly with a dry towel and then with super absorbent paper. This should be done twice daily till symptoms disappear. Most vinegar cure toe nail fungus consists of daily foot baths in a solution of 50% water and 50% vinegar. Many people dislike the taste of apple cider vinegar, and add it to another beverage, such as fruit juice or a carbonated beverage. Keep in mind that acid drinks may damage tooth enamel over time, so rinse thoroughly or brush your teeth afterwards if you are taking apple cider vinegar for toenail fungus treatment.

Vicks VapoRub

Applying Vicks VapoRub to fungus-infected toenails can clear up the notoriously hard-to-treat condition. The several uses of Vicks VapoRub, including rubbing it on the soles of feet to prevent a child’s excessive nighttime coughing as well as using it to treat toenail and fingernail fungus. Massage Vicks Vapor Rub on toenail and in a matter of days the toe nail will start turning dark in color. The dark color means the vicks is killing the fungus.

Hydrogen Peroxide

Hydrogen peroxide is one of the most active ingredients for treating the nail fungus. The treatment of nail fungus with hydrogen peroxide is also known as the oxidative therapy. The best way to get hydrogen peroxide from fruits is to juice them. When you drink a glass of fresh carrot juice you can feel the effect of the hydrogen peroxide because you get a warm sensation around your neck and your face feels flushed. Drink freshly made juice within 10 minutes because the cells have been crushed and disturbed and the taste will quickly change.

Conclusion

Wear cotton socks to absorb moisture from the feet that happens from sweating. Never use nail clippers belonging to someone else for the same reason. Avoid sharing towels, washcloths, shoes or any other personal items of those people who have already contracted this disease. Keep your nails cut short, and don’t use nail polish. Trim your toenails regularly. Trim them into a straight line and then smooth the edges with a nail file. Diet plays a very vital role in curing any ailment.

Juliet Cohen writes articles for Makeup Application Tips and Health Beauty Tips. For more information on beauty skin care and makeup topics visit www.4BeautyTips.com.